OIL ANALYSIS

Every batch at Pakistan Lubricants (Pvt.) Ltd. goes through the following quality checks before it goes down to the filling lines:

 

FLASH POINT: (ASTM D 92) 

 

Flash Point is referred to the minimum temperature of a petroleum product or other combustible fluid at which vapour is produced at a rate sufficient to yield a combustible mixture. Specifically, it is the lowest sample temperature at which the air vapour mixture will "flash" in the presence of a small flame. 

 

Flash point can indicate the possible presence of highly volatile and flammable materials in a relatively non-volatile or non-flammable material. For example, an abnormally low flash point on a test specimen of engine oil can indicate gasoline contamination 

 

The flash point can be used to determine the transportation and storage temperature requirements for Lubricants. 

 

COLOR (Lubricants): (ASTM D 1500) 

 

The shade and intensity showed when lubricating oil is viewed under specific conditions. 

 

The test is used for manufacturing control purpose and is important since the colour is readily observed by the customer. The colour of lubricating oil is not always a reliable guide to product quality and should not be used indiscriminately by the customer in writing specifications for purchase. Where the colour range of grade is known, a variation outside the established range indicates possible contamination with another product.  

 

SULPHATED ASH: (ASTM D 874) 

 

Sulphated ash is defined as the residue remaining after a sample has been carbonized (i.e. combusted), and the residue subsequently treated with sulphuric acid and heated to constant weight 

 

This test method covers the determination of the sulphated ash from unused lubricating oils containing additives and from additive concentrates used in compounding. These additives usually contain one or more of the following metals: barium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, potassium, sodium, and tin. The elements sulfur, phosphorus, and chlorine can also be present in combined form. 

 

POUR POINT: (ASTM D 97) 

 

For countries that possess cold weather climates, the performance of Lubricants in lower temperatures is of great importance. The pour point of a Lubricants is defined as the lowest temperature at which movement of the test specimen is observed under the prescribed conditions of the test. . A reduction in the pour point can be achieved through the use of so-called pour point enhancers to “winterize” the fuel. 

 

The pour point of a Lubricants is the lowest temperature at which the Lubricants will pour or flow when it is chilled without disturbance under specified conditions. 

 

KINEMATIC VISCOSITY: (ASTM D 445)  

 

Measurement of a fluid resistance to flow under gravity at a specific temperature (usually at 40° change into 40° C and 100° C).

 

VISCOSITY INDEX: (ASTM D 2270) 

 

A measure of a fluid's change of viscosity with temperature is called Viscosity Index (VI). The higher the viscosity index the smaller the change in viscosity with temperature. 

 

Higher the viscosity index indicates the smaller change in viscosity with increase temperature of lubricating oil. 

 

SPECIFIC GRAVITY: (ASTM D 1298) 

 

Specific gravity is the ratio of weight of a given volume of a substance to the weight of an equal volume of water at stated temperature. 

 

Accurate determination of the density, relative density (specific gravity), or API gravity of petroleum and its products is necessary for the conversion of measured volumes to volumes or masses 

 

It is used to measure the volume of fluid. 

 

TOTAL BASE NUMBER: (ASTM D 2896) 

 

The amount of perchloric acid expressed in term as equivalent weight of milligram of KOH required to titrate the basic constituents present in 1 gram of sample is the Total Base Number. 

 

Total base number (TBN) is a measure of a reserve alkalinity of a Lubricants.  

 

The test is relevant to internal combustion engines due to the acidic by products of combustion generated when gasoline and diesel fuels are burnt. These by products, including SOx, NOx, and others enter the crankcase via blow-by gases getting past the piston rings. 

 

In addition to acids entering the engine crankcase from blow by, acids are normally generated in other areas of the engine due to heat, oxidation, and other chemical processes. 

 

In an effort to counter the corrosive effect of acids on engine parts, constituents are added to the oil (oil additives) that have basic properties. As bases, they act to neutralize the acids in the engine. The additive commonly used is calcium sulfonate. Others, however, including magnesium sulfonate, phenates, and salicylates are also used. In addition to contributing to the TBN of a Lubricants, these additives are multifunctional in that they are also highly valued as dispersant additives. 

 

In an effort to strike a balance, the total base number of new oil is typically in the range of 7 to 10 for gas engines and 10 to 14 for diesel engines. When the TBN in used oil drops below 3, it typically indicates the need for an oil change.  

News & Events

New Product Launch

The newly designed packing for MASTER XTRA 4T MCO is due to be launched by the end of 2013.
New products of the highest quality are currently in the development stage, which shall be a part of MASTER OIL'S product line in the coming year.

 

New Product Launch and New TV Commercial

The New Imported MASTER XTRA 4T-MCO is due to be launched in March 2013 along with its much awaited TV commercial.

 

Ramadan Cricket Tournament 2010

After the successful Ramadan night tape ball cricket tournament organized by Master Oil in 2009, where 24 teams participated, Master Oil came back with a bigger tournament in 2010 with 32 teams from all over Karachi.

 

Ramadan Cricket Tournament 2011

Master Oil Ramadan night cricket tournament had become the biggest tape ball night cricket tournament in terms of popularity amongst the public in 2011.National Players like NASIR JAMSHED, SARFARAZ AHMED AND RAZA HASAN also participated.